The term gender refers to the complex social and cultural roles, behaviors, and expectations associated with being male, female or non-binary. It is distinct from one’s biological sex, which is determined by physical and genetic characteristics. The concept of gender encompasses a broad spectrum of identities and expressions, recognizing that individuals may identify and present themselves in diverse ways that may not conform to traditional notions of masculinity or femininity. Understanding and respecting gender diversity is essential for promoting inclusivity, equality and social justice in society.